Vertical Forest in Milan by Stefano Boeri Architetti

“Vertical forest is a new concept of skyscraper, where trees and people live side by side. It is the first example in the world of a tower block which enriches the biodiversity of the flora and fauna of the city that houses it. (Stefano Boeri)”

“The facade is an active interface with the surrounding environment. The project is amazing because plants act as an extension of the building’s shell. The jury judged this experiment as innovative. (Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat)”

The project

Bosco Verticale (Vertical Forest) by Stefano Boeri Architetti
The concept of Vertical Forest, conceived by Stefano Boeri Architetti‘s firm, is a way to match high-density residential development with tree planting in Milan city centre.

The project includes two towers that contain 113 apartments and measure 110 and 76 meters respectively. Set to create a new model for sustainable housing, it produces a biological habitat in an area of 40,000 square meters. The Vertical Forest hosts 900 trees and over 2000 plants from a broad range of shrubs and floral plants arranged according to the facade’s position based on the sun.

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Each Vertical Forest matches, in amount of trees, an area of 7000 square meters of flat forest.

“This is a kind of biological architecture that refuses to adopt a strictly technological and mechanical approach to environmental sustainability. (Stefano Boeri)” 

The plant system of the Vertical Forest supports the production of a micro-climate, absorbs CO2 and dust particles and produces oxygen and humidity. The variety of vegetation supplies urban habitats for insects and birds and shades the residences from hard sunlight.

The trees

Stefano Boeri Architetti - Bosco Verticale - Drawings 06.jpg

Vertical Forest is a monument in the city which is able to release different sceneries according to the seasons.

Trees, the key element in this architectural project, were placed on the facades in terms of their height. The botanical study, managed by a group of specialists, took two years: the plants used in this project grew specifically and were pre-cultivated. Afterwards they slowly got used to the conditions they were placed in on the building producing a suitable micro-climate.

The lighting

Vertical Forest, view of the terrace. Photo by stefanoboeriarchitetti

Vertical Forest, view of the balcony. Photo by stefanoboeriarchitetti

All the terraces of the Vertical Forest are equipped with a very efficient LED lighting system, which is a mini projector placed in outdoor planters. Thanks to this system, the Vertical Forest is illuminated with tiny dots of light that bring out the trees and shrubs also in the dark hours.

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All interiors have been designed in green optic with attention to energy saving and the control units can be activated via smartphone or tablet.

The sustainability

Bosco Verticale, Milan | Vertical Garden I

The merit of the Vertical Forest is to become a landmark for the urban context and to bring a strong message of a way of understanding the city as a synergy between nature and architecture. The new message is that there are places where the relationship between nature and architecture is no longer conflicted as before. However some critics have disapproved the high costs and the maintaining of the building putting in doubt its sustainable character.

Bosco Verticale from Stefano Boeri Architetti on Vimeo.

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